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Sri Lanka

TLDR: Sri Lanka is a beautiful island country in South Asia with a rich history and diverse culture.

Sri Lanka, also known as Ceylon, is an island country located in South Asia. It is situated in the Indian Ocean, southwest of the Bay of Bengal. Sri Lanka shares maritime borders with the Maldives and India. The country has a population of around 22 million people and is home to various cultures, languages, and ethnicities.

The majority of the population in Sri Lanka is made up of Sinhalese people, followed by Sri Lankan Tamils. Other ethnic groups include Sri Lankan Moors, Indian Tamils, Burghers, Malays, Veddas, Chinese, and Indians. Buddhism is the predominant religion in Sri Lanka, followed by Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity.

Sri Lanka has a long and fascinating history that dates back thousands of years. It was home to ancient human settlements and played a significant role in the spread of Buddhism. The country has seen the rise and fall of various kingdoms, including the Anuradhapura Kingdom and the Polonnaruwa Kingdom. It has also faced invasions from foreign powers, such as the Chola Empire and the Portuguese, Dutch, and British colonial powers.

In modern times, Sri Lanka has faced challenges such as a civil war that lasted for 26 years. However, the country has made significant progress in terms of development and is ranked high in the Human Development Index among South Asian nations.

Sri Lanka is known for its stunning natural landscapes, including beautiful beaches, lush forests, and ancient ruins. It is also famous for its tea plantations, wildlife, and vibrant festivals. The country has a unitary semi-presidential republic government and is a member of various international organizations.

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See the corresponding article on Wikipedia ยป

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