TLDR: Cable transport refers to different modes of transportation that use cables to move people and goods. This includes cable cars, aerial trams, chairlifts, and more.
Cable transport is a class of transportation that uses cables to move people and goods. It includes various modes of transport, such as cable cars and aerial trams. These vehicles are often used in mountainous areas where they can overcome large differences in elevation. The cables used in cable transport can be driven or passive, and the items being transported can be moved by pulling, sliding, sailing, or by drives within the object itself. Pulleys and balancing of loads are common elements in cable transport systems.
There are different types of cable transport. Aerial transport includes modes like aerial tramways, chairlifts, funitels, gondola lifts, ski lifts, and zip lines. These systems involve one or more cables strung between supports, with cars suspended from the cables. Cable railways, on the other hand, use cables to haul cars on rails. Examples of cable railways include cable cars and funiculars. There are also other forms of cable-hauled transport, such as cable ferries, surface lifts, and elevators.
The history of cable transport dates back to ancient times, with evidence of rope-drawn transport systems in South China as early as 250 BC. The first recorded mechanical ropeway was designed by Venetian Fausto Veranzio in 1616. The technology was further developed in the Alpine regions of Europe, and the use of wire rope and electric drive expanded its capabilities. Cable transport became more widespread during the industrial revolution, with the introduction of steel cables and the use of cable cars for commercial passenger haulage.
In recent years, cable transport has seen advancements and increased use. It is not limited to mountainous regions or ski resorts but can also be used in urban development areas. Cable transport systems offer advantages in terms of flexibility, range, and minimal environmental impact. However, safety is an important consideration, and there have been accidents in the history of cable transport.
Overall, cable transport is a versatile and efficient mode of transportation that can overcome challenging terrain and provide unique experiences for passengers.