TLDR: Basic research, also known as pure research or fundamental research, is a type of scientific research that aims to improve our understanding of natural or other phenomena. It focuses on creating and testing theories that explain observed phenomena, rather than developing practical applications. Basic research often leads to technological innovations in applied science. It also provides insight into the natural world and helps drive conservation efforts.
Basic research is all about exploring and understanding the world around us. Scientists conduct experiments and studies to gather information and test theories. This research is driven by curiosity and the desire to uncover new knowledge. It may not have immediate practical applications, but it forms the foundation for future advancements in various fields.
For example, the development of today's computers would not have been possible without the basic research conducted in pure mathematics over a century ago. Even though there was no known practical application at the time, this research laid the groundwork for the technology we use today.
Basic research also plays a crucial role in conservation efforts. By studying the environment and learning about the natural world, scientists can better understand how to protect and preserve it. This research provides valuable insights that can inform conservation strategies and help us appreciate the innate value of nature.
Sometimes, basic research can even lead to unintentional technological innovations. For instance, the design of high-speed bullet trains in Japan was influenced by the beaks of kingfisher birds. This unexpected connection between basic research and practical applications shows how scientific discoveries can have far-reaching impacts.
In summary, basic research is all about expanding our knowledge and understanding of the world. It fuels technological advancements, drives conservation efforts, and provides the foundation for future innovations. While it may not always have immediate practical applications, it plays a vital role in shaping our understanding of the natural world.