TLDR: Automotive engineering is a branch of engineering that focuses on designing, manufacturing, and operating vehicles like motorcycles, cars, and trucks. It combines different fields of engineering, such as mechanical, electrical, electronic, software, and safety engineering. Automotive engineers work on various aspects of vehicles, including safety, fuel economy, performance, and vehicle electronics.
Automotive engineering is a field of engineering that deals with the design, development, and production of vehicles. It includes everything from motorcycles to cars to trucks. The field incorporates elements of mechanical, electrical, electronic, software, and safety engineering to create and improve vehicles and their subsystems.
One important aspect of automotive engineering is safety engineering. This involves assessing different crash scenarios and their impact on vehicle occupants. Safety engineers test various components, such as seat belts and airbags, to ensure they meet strict government regulations. They also use computer simulations and crash tests to evaluate the safety of vehicles.
Another important area of automotive engineering is fuel economy and emissions. Engineers work to improve the fuel efficiency of vehicles and reduce their emissions. This includes testing and measuring the fuel efficiency of vehicles and ensuring they meet environmental standards for emissions.
Noise, vibration, and harshness (NVH) engineering is another aspect of automotive engineering. NVH engineers focus on reducing unwanted noise and vibrations in vehicles. They work to improve the overall comfort and quality of the vehicle's interior by addressing issues like road noise, wind noise, and component noise.
Vehicle electronics is an increasingly important aspect of automotive engineering. Modern vehicles rely on numerous electronic systems for operational controls, such as the throttle, brakes, and steering. These systems also include comfort and convenience features like HVAC, infotainment, and lighting. Without electronic controls, vehicles would not be able to meet modern safety and fuel economy requirements.
Performance is another key consideration in automotive engineering. Engineers evaluate a vehicle's ability to perform in various conditions, such as acceleration, top speed, braking, and handling. They also consider factors like control in inclement weather and overall durability.
Automotive engineering also involves manufacturing and production. Manufacturing engineers are responsible for ensuring the proper production of automotive components or complete vehicles. They design the machinery and tooling necessary for production and implement lean manufacturing techniques to improve efficiency.
In summary, automotive engineering is a multidisciplinary field that combines different branches of engineering to design, develop, and manufacture vehicles. It encompasses safety engineering, fuel economy and emissions, NVH engineering, vehicle electronics, performance, and manufacturing. Automotive engineers work to create vehicles that are safe, efficient, comfortable, and reliable.