TLDR: Architectural engineering is a field of engineering that focuses on the design and construction of buildings. It involves various disciplines such as structural, mechanical, electrical, lighting, and environmental engineering.
Architectural engineering, also known as building engineering, is a branch of engineering that deals with the design and construction of buildings. It encompasses various engineering disciplines, including structural, mechanical, electrical, lighting, environmental, climate control, telecommunications, and security systems. Architectural engineers apply scientific knowledge and advanced technologies to create sustainable and resilient buildings that address the challenges of the 21st century.
Architectural engineering emerged as a licensed profession in the 20th century due to rapid technological advancements. Today, architectural engineers play a crucial role in integrating engineering systems into building designs. They work closely with architects and other specialists to ensure that buildings are safe, functional, and energy-efficient.
Structural engineering is a subfield of architectural engineering that focuses on the analysis and design of the built environment, such as buildings, bridges, and towers. Mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) engineering is another important aspect of architectural engineering. MEP engineers specialize in designing heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems, plumbing systems, electrical systems, and lighting systems for buildings.
In the United States, architectural engineers can become licensed engineering professionals. They typically graduate from accredited architectural engineering programs and may specialize in structural, mechanical, or electrical engineering. Some architectural engineers also pursue additional education in architecture to become licensed as both an engineer and an architect.
Architectural engineering education typically involves a university program that covers the fundamentals of architectural, structural, mechanical, and electrical engineering. Students may choose to specialize in one of these areas or pursue a generalist architectural or building engineering degree.
In summary, architectural engineering is a multidisciplinary field that combines various engineering disciplines to design and construct buildings. Architectural engineers play a crucial role in creating sustainable and resilient buildings that meet the challenges of the 21st century.