TLDR: The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is a non-profit organization that promotes science and scientific education. It is the largest general scientific society in the world and publishes the well-known scientific journal Science.
The AAAS was founded in 1848 with the goal of promoting cooperation among scientists, defending scientific freedom, and supporting scientific education and outreach. It was the first permanent organization to promote science and engineering nationally and represent the interests of American researchers from all scientific fields. Today, it has over 120,000 members.
The AAAS has a rich history, with notable figures such as John Wesley Powell, Margaret Mead, and Stephen Jay Gould serving as presidents. It has played a role in advocating for scientific integrity, addressing climate change, and promoting science diplomacy.
The AAAS is organized into sections that cover various areas of science and engineering, including astronomy, engineering, anthropology, and more. It also has affiliates that include societies and academies of science. The governance of the AAAS is carried out by a president, administrative officers, a council, and a board of directors.
The AAAS publishes the prestigious journal Science, as well as other peer-reviewed journals in the Science family. It also operates EurekAlert!, a news release distribution service for science, medicine, and technology.
The AAAS gives out awards and fellowships to recognize significant contributions to science and science communication. It also holds annual meetings and provides resources for journalists and scientists through its SciLine service.
In summary, the AAAS is a leading organization that promotes science, scientific education, and scientific collaboration. It plays a vital role in advancing scientific knowledge and advocating for the importance of science in society.