TLDR: Airlines are companies that provide air travel for passengers and cargo. They use airplanes to transport people and goods. The first airline was founded in Germany in 1909. Airlines can be owned by the government or private companies. Over the years, there have been mergers and alliances between airlines. In the United States, the airline industry was deregulated in the 1970s, leading to the rise of low-cost carriers. The industry has faced challenges, including bankruptcies and government bailouts. In Asia, there are also long-standing airlines that have been operating for many years.
Airlines are companies that offer air travel services to passengers and cargo. They use airplanes to transport people and goods from one place to another. These companies can be owned by the government or private companies. They need to have a license or certificate from the government to operate.
The first airline was founded in Germany in 1909. It was called DELAG and it operated airships. The oldest airlines that still exist today are KLM in the Netherlands, Avianca in Colombia, Qantas in Australia, and Mexicana de Aviación in Mexico.
In the past, airlines were often owned by the government. But in the 1980s, there was a trend of privatization, where the government sold its ownership to private companies. This led to major airline mergers and the formation of airline alliances. The largest alliances are Star Alliance, SkyTeam, and Oneworld. These alliances coordinate their services and often share flights.
In the United States, the airline industry was deregulated in the 1970s. This means that the government removed many of the regulations that controlled the industry. This led to the rise of low-cost carriers, which offer cheaper flights with fewer amenities. Some well-known low-cost carriers include Southwest Airlines and JetBlue.
The airline industry has faced challenges over the years. Many airlines have gone bankrupt and needed government bailouts to stay in business. This has happened because of factors like economic downturns, high fuel prices, and increased competition.
In Asia, there are also long-standing airlines that have been operating for many years. For example, Philippine Airlines is the oldest airline in Asia, founded in 1941. Cathay Pacific and Asiana Airlines are also well-established airlines in the region.
Overall, airlines play a crucial role in providing air travel services to people and businesses around the world. They have faced many challenges but continue to be an important part of the global transportation system.