TLDR: Advanced product quality planning (APQP) is a framework used in the automotive industry to develop products. It helps ensure that the products meet the customer's expectations and are of high quality. APQP involves different phases and topics that need to be completed before production starts.
Advanced product quality planning (APQP) is a set of procedures and techniques used in the development of products, particularly in the automotive industry. It was created by experts from Ford, General Motors, and Chrysler in the late 1980s. The goal of APQP is to produce a product quality plan that will satisfy the customer. It is used by automakers like General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler, as well as their suppliers.
APQP consists of three phases: Development, Industrialization, and Product Launch. During these phases, 23 main topics are monitored to ensure that the product meets the required standards. These topics include design robustness, production process design, quality inspection standards, and operator training plan.
The APQP process focuses on up-front quality planning and continual improvement. It consists of five phases: Plan and define program, Product design and development verification, Process design and development verification, Product and process validation and production feedback, and Launch, assessment, and corrective action.
APQP also includes seven major elements, such as understanding the needs of the customer, proactive feedback and corrective action, and analyzing and mitigating failure modes. These elements help ensure that the product meets the customer's expectations and is of high quality.
APQP is an important process in the automotive industry and is also used in other manufacturing sectors. It helps companies develop products that satisfy customers and meet quality standards.