TLDR: Ada is a programming language that helps developers write safe and reliable software. It has features like strong typing, explicit concurrency, and built-in support for design by contract.
Ada is a high-level programming language that was first released in 1980. It is a multi-paradigm language, meaning it supports different programming styles like structured, imperative, object-oriented, and more. It was influenced by languages like Pascal and ALGOL 68.
One of the key features of Ada is its focus on safety and reliability. It has built-in language support for design by contract, which helps ensure that software components interact correctly with each other. It also has strong typing, which means that the compiler can catch errors at compile-time instead of waiting for them to occur at runtime.
Ada is widely used in critical systems where software bugs can have serious consequences, such as avionics, air traffic control, and space technology. It is also used in commercial projects where reliability is important, like banking and railway systems.
Ada has a rich set of language constructs, including control structures like loops and conditionals, data types that can be customized, and packages for organizing code. It also has support for concurrency through tasks and protected objects, which allow for parallel execution and synchronization of multiple threads of execution.
Overall, Ada is a powerful and reliable programming language that is used in a wide range of applications where safety and reliability are paramount.