Minimalist Wiki

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TLDR: Actin is a family of proteins that play a crucial role in various cellular processes. It forms microfilaments in the cytoskeleton and muscle fibrils, and is found in almost all eukaryotic cells. Actin is involved in muscle contraction, cell movement, cell division, and many other important functions in the body.

Actin is a protein that exists in two forms: G-actin (globular) and F-actin (filamentous). G-actin is a free monomer, while F-actin is a polymer that forms microfilaments. These microfilaments provide structural support to cells, help with cell movement, and play a role in muscle contraction.

Actin is present in high concentrations in cells and is involved in many cellular processes. It helps with muscle contraction, allowing us to move our bodies. It also plays a role in cell division, helping to separate the two daughter cells. Actin is involved in cell movement, allowing cells to migrate and change shape. It is also important for the transport of organelles and vesicles within cells.

In addition to its role in cellular processes, actin is also important for the structure and function of the nucleus. It helps maintain the shape of the nucleus and is involved in transcription, the process of gene expression. Actin also plays a role in DNA repair and the regulation of gene activity.

Mutations in actin genes can lead to various diseases and disorders, including muscular diseases, heart abnormalities, and deafness. Actin is also involved in the pathogenicity of certain microorganisms and viruses.

Overall, actin is a versatile protein that is essential for many biological processes in the body. It provides structural support, enables cell movement, and plays a role in muscle contraction, cell division, and gene expression.

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